In this paper, we provide a new multi-signature scheme that is proven secure in the plain public key model. Our scheme is practical and efficient according to computational costs, signature size and security assumptions. At first, our scheme matches the single ordinary discrete logarithm based signature scheme in terms of signing time, verification time and signature size.
Secondly, our scheme requires only two rounds of interactions and each signer needs nothing more than a certified public key to produce the signature, meaning that our scheme is compatible with existing PKIs. Thirdly, our scheme has been proven secure in the random oracle model under standard discrete logarithm DL assumption. It outperforms a newly proposed multi-signature scheme by Bagherzandi, Cheon and Jarecki BCJ scheme in terms of both computational costs and signature size. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
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Efficient discrete logarithm based multi-signature scheme in the plain public key model
In: Public Key Cryptography Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. Boneh D. Feige U. Fiat A. Goldwasser S. SIAM J. Harn L. IEE Proc. Housley R.
Blind signatures based on the discrete logarithm problem
Accessed January Horster P.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Piveteau Jean-Marc. In this comment, we prove, that this claim is fortunately totally wrong. We assume, that the reader is familar with the notation in [Harn95] and the notation of the Meta-blind signature scheme in [HoMP94]. The true anonymity of the signature with respect to the signer has already been proven in [CaPS94] and for the Meta-blind signature scheme in [HoMP94].
Therefore the blind signature can't be traced by this equation. Theorem 1: Given large primes p and q, qj p? Together 1 1 2 2 with theorem 1, this proves untraceability. Clearly this result can be generalized for the Meta-blind signature scheme in [HoMP94].
Thus both blind signature schemes remain secure. This statement is inaccurate, as e. Okamoto published the blind Schnorr signature scheme and other blind signature schemes already in [Okam92]. References [CaPS94] J.Introduction to Schnorr Signatures for Bitcoin \u0026 Lightning Network. Schnorr Signature Tutorial Part1
Camenisch, J. Piveteau, M. Horster, M. Michels, H. Asiacrypt '94, Berlin: Springer Verlag,pp. Crypto '92, Berlin: Springer Verlag,pp. Related Papers. By Saroj Panigrahy. By Sherman S. By Hung Yu Chien. By Arash Rajaei. A handbook of applied cryptography.ElGamal based blind signature schemes and message recovery blind signature schemes have been discovered recently.
We show how to generalize them using the ideas of the Meta-ElGamal and the Meta-Message recovery signature scheme. Introduction The concept of blind signature schemes was introduced by Chaum in [Chau82].
These schemes can be used in payment systems [Chau85] or for electronic voting schemes [FuOO92]. In a blind signature scheme an owner Alice wants to obtain a digital signature on a message choosen by herself from the notary Nancy, but Nancy shouldn't have any idea which message she signs. If she gets the message and the signature later, it must not be possible that Nancy can find a relationship between some blinded and unblinded parameters.
Additionally there are other classes of blind signatures, hidden or weak blind signature [HoPe94], in which the notary can find a relationship between some blinded and unblinded parameters if she gets a signed unblinded message Documents: Advanced Search Include Citations. Citations: 1 - 0 self. Abstract ElGamal based blind signature schemes and message recovery blind signature schemes have been discovered recently.
Powered by:.Here you go:Steven Muehlhausen is an MMA and boxing writer and contributor for Sporting News. You can listen to his podcast, "The Fight Junkies" here. Ali betting odds, fight predictions, expert picks SPORT Former four division world champion Miguel Cotto (41-5, 33 KOs) steps inside the squared circle for the final time in his Hall of Fame career as he defends the WBO junior middleweight title Saturday against 2008 Olympian Sadam Ali (25-1, 14 KOs) from Madison Square Garden in New York City (HBO 10 p.
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We don't as a general policy investigate the solvency of companies mentioned (how likely they are to go bust), but there is a risk any company can struggle and it's rarely made public until it's too late (see the Section 75 guide for protection tips).
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Bus between NYC and Lamont: CoachUSA Route 9Lamont's stop is loosely referred to as "state line", but the nearest major stop on the schedule is "Oak Tree Rd" and is just to the north. A: Lamont has several options, all of which can be charged to a grant number.This is not a betting site. DriverOddsJeff Gordon4-1Jeff Burton15-1Casey Atwood100-1 Auto racing matchup propositions also are available, in which two drivers are paired against each other in a head-to-head wager, with a betting line on each driver set by the oddsmaker.
Betting lines can be found on NASCAR races as well as on the various open-wheel circuits. Example:Pitcher listed is starting pitcher Bet Num. On Today's Line we use a different format, the idea is the same.
You will not find the odds for the Underdog. The Underdog's odds are based on what the casino has for its line. Most use a "Dime Line" or something close to that. You have just seen an example of a dime line. See whether you can tell them apart. Braves -105Dodgers -105Braves -120Dodgers EvenYou can arrive at the underdog's price by looking at the favorite's line. Total: Total runs scored in a game. Baseball ParlaysYou may combine several teams into one wager.
Listed pitcher(s) optionWhen making a baseball bet, you are betting team vs. This is called a straight bet. TeamLineTotal201Bulls-3 202Lakers 198 Note: The bottom team is always listed as the home team unless otherwise noted. If the Bulls win by exactly 3 points then the wager is declared a push and all money is refunded. Total: Total points scored in a game. The following are approximate odds: 2 teams13-53 teams6-14 teams11-15 teams22-16 teams44-17 teams90-1 Any game that results in a push reduces the parlay one team.
Basketball Teasers: A wager that improves the point spread, but at reduced odds. The following are approximate odds: Number of teams4 points4. A draw on a straight bet will refund your bet. A straight bet is the most common type of football bet. TeamLine101Jets 102Dolphins-6 Note: The bottom team is always listed as the home team unless otherwise noted. If the Dolphins win by exactly 6 points, the wager is declared a push and all money is refunded. Football Parlays: More than one team on the same bet.
Football Teasers: A wager that improves the point spread, but at reduced odds. Teasers can not be straight bets. The following are approximate odds: Number of teams6 points6. In head-to-head matchup propositions, both golfers must tee off for action. The Goal Spread:When betting on hockey, the team you bet on must "cover the spread. Hockey ParlaysYou may combine several teams into one wager.
FAQ can help you find the answers. Sign up to receive exclusive VEGAS. Then register on the most advanced cryptocurrency exchange HitBTC to start real trading. Please find more information and instructions on how to start using OTC here.When you set a limit and stick to it.
When you know to walk away. Use our tips and tools to keep your betting well played. View video transcriptsWe encourage a balanced approach to gambling by providing practical tips on how to gamble responsibly. This information should not replace or be considered as an alternative to professional advice.
If you need help, please call Gambler's Help on 1800 858 858. This service operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and is free and confidential. Staying in control Signs of harm Gambling calculator We encourage a balanced approach to gambling by providing practical tips on how to gamble responsibly. Set money and time limits and stick to them. Keep track of your spend. Sticking to limits means you'll have more time and money to do other things you enjoy, like going on a holiday with your family, or buying something you want.
Set your budget and take only that amount of cash with you, leaving your bank cards at home. Gambling can be an expensive form of entertainment. If you want to spend less take a look at our tools for money management. Keep your gambling an enjoyable activity by taking regular breaks. When you take a break, try to leave the gambling area rather than just the table, pokie machine or screen.
Taking breaks is a fantastic way to allow you some extra reflection time on whether you should keep gambling. When catching up with friends, make sure it's not always about gambling. The way you behave can influence your friends. By not putting off your friends for a flutter, you can help them do the same. Gambling is often seen as a social activity but it's important to make sure you maintain balance with other leisure activities, hobbies or interests in your life.
Alcohol can also cloud your judgement, so keep your drinks in check too. Share Back to top Fight for the real you Social media Disclaimer Privacy Copyright Sitemap Accessibility Contact Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation The foundation acknowledges Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people as the Traditional Custodians of the land and acknowledges and pays respect to their Elders, past and present.
Full time result : Is the betting selection of the 90 min result of the game and can be 1 ( home team win ) X ( Draw ) 2 ( Away team win )Over and under 2,5 or 3,5 goals : Is the betting selection about the total number of goals in one game.
Half time- Full time : Is the selection of double result in one game. The first sign is for the first half and the second for the full time.
Foe Exb Man utd -stoke X-1 HT-FT. That mean that our selection is the game first half result to be DRAW and the full time result to be Man utd WIN. GG OR NG : GG means that both of the teams will score in the game and NG means that one or both of the teams will not score in the game. DNB : That means DRAW NO BET. If we select 1 DNB that mean that if the home team win we WIN if the result is DRAW we take back our stake and if the away team win we lose. If we select 2 DNB that mean that if the Away team win we WIN if the result is DRAW we take back our stake and if the home team win we lose.
DC ( Double Chance ) : 1X (DC ) mean that we win if home team win or if we have a draw.